Steel T-Splitting, also known as W-Tee splitting, is a technique for dividing a single Wide Flange beam or channel into two T-shaped pieces. T-sections, also called T-Beams or T-Bars, are load-bearing structures made of reinforced concrete, wood, or metal, with a “T” shaped cross-section. This method of splitting is commonly used in roof trusses and support systems.
The most common types of T-profiles that the market offers are the following:
- Equal leg tees: The width (W) and the height (H) have the same measure.
- Unequal-flange tees: The height (H) is half the measure of the width (W).
- T-Sections with a much greater height (H) than the width (W): These are commonly used in curtain walls.
T-Beams vs. Wide Flange Beams
Wide Flange and T-Beams are commonly available in galvanized or raw steel pairs. A T-Beam is a steel profile rarely manufactured at the mill because mills only produce small quantities. On the other hand, splitting beams — also known as Wide Flange beams or I-Beams — create larger infra-steel tees. T-Beams are also cut from Wide Flange beams.
In terms of their characteristics, T-Beams have the advantage of reducing the overall height and weight of the assembly, which results in a lower material cost when compared to Wide Flange beams. They are also easier to bend and fabricate than other types of structural beams. Moreover, T-Beams have lower tensile strength and resistance forces than comparable-sized Wide Flange beams.
Splitting Services for Steel T-Beams
Steel T-Splitting is just one of the many services we strive to provide our customers. Delta Steel offers T-Splits in Grade A992 or Grade 50 steel.
Our T-Split line includes roller conveyors, transfer tables, and screw-type lifting rollers to help speed up operational processes. Furthermore, our machines are fully programmable, from the heating and steel T-Splitting process to the cooling process, all of which reduce the time it takes to produce T-Splits.
For beams W4 X 13 through W30 X 108 with web thicknesses of 5/8″ or less, we use a Rotary T-Splitter. The Rotary T-Splitting line also employs a pre-heating and quenching system to ensure that the final split product is straight.
Beam sizes too large for the Rotary T-Splitter can be split stitched and separated in Delta Steel using an oxy-fuel or a plasma torch. The standard tolerance for split tees is as follows:
- ± 1/8 in. over five ft. measured with the T-Stem up and sitting on the floor.
- ± 1/16 in. over 30 ft.
For Your Splitting Service Needs
T-Beams are the preferred choice if you want to reduce the overall height and weight of your assembly. However, if you want your project to have more resistance and tensile strength, you should use Wide Flange beams. Either way, there is no better splitting service provider than Delta Steel Inc.
Delta Steel, Inc. produces high-quality carbon steel plates to customer specifications in various sizes, widths, and lengths. Because of our capable machines, skilled experts, and unwavering passion and commitment to our customers, we have grown to become one of the largest carbon steel plate suppliers in the southwest United States. Our locations are spread across Texas, but we also have locations along the East Coast — from New England to Florida — and in the Midwest — from Illinois to Ohio.
Structural tee sizes are now available up to a maximum width of 30” wide and a maximum thickness of 5/8”.